Post-COVID-19 Rehabilitation and long COVID - Evidence and Resources

Please refer to current NCA guidance on any COVID-19 related issues.

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Asthma UK & British Lung Foundation – Post-COVID Hub for Professionals.

American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation - articles relevant to COVID-19 

BMJ - Covid-19: the challenge of patient rehabilitation after intensive care. Published: 6th May

BMJ – Returning to physical activity after COVID-19. Published 8th January 2021

British Geriatrics Society - COVID-19: Rehabilitation of older people. Last Updated: 14th September 2020

British Heart Foundation - Cardiac Rehabilitation at Home: a quick guide for healthcare professionals

The British Psychological Society - Meeting the psychological needs of people recovering from severe coronavirus (Covid-19). Published: 16th April

British Society of Rehabilitation Medicine - Covid-19 and Rehabilitation MedicineRegularly updated

British Thoracic Society - COVID-19: information for the respiratory community. Last Updated: 28th January 2021

Cardiac Rehabilitation Manual (2017) 

Charted Society for Physiotherapy - CSP COVID-19 Rehabilitation Standards. Published September 2020 

Chartered Society of Physiotherapy - Community rehabilitation. Last Updated: 29th May

Cochrane: Coronavirus (COVID-19): evidence relevant to clinical rehabilitation. Last Updated: 6th January 2021

Cochrane - Rehabilitation REH-COVER (Rehabilitation – COVID-19 Evidence-based Response) action 

European Commission - Neuro-rehabilitation to aid recovery of COVID-19 intensive care patients. Published: 23rd April

Lancashire Teaching Hospitals – COVID-19: Supporting your Recovery. Interactive resource to support patients with their initial recovery following treatment for COVID-19.

NICE - COVID-19 rapid guideline: managing the long-term effects of COVID-19. Published 18th December 2020

NHS England & NHS Improvement -  Allied health professionals’ role in rehabilitation during and after COVID-19. Published May 2020.

PAHO - Rehabilitation considerations during the COVID-19 outbreak. Last Updated: 19th May

Public Health England – COVID-19: long-term health effects. Published 7th September 

Royal College of Occupational Therapists - Recovering from COVID-19: Post viral-fatigue and conserving energy.

Royal College of Occupational Therapists - Guidance: A quick guide for occupational therapists - Rehabilitation for people recovering from COVID-19.

Scottish Government – Framework for supporting people through recovery and rehabilitation during and after the COVID-19 pandemic. Published 13th August 

Social Care Institute for Excellence - Providing care and support at home to people who have had COVID-19 Published November 2020 

The British Journal of Cardiology - COVID-19 and cardiac rehabilitation. Last Updated: June 2020.

The Faculty of Intensive Care Medicine - Recovery and Rehabilitation for Patients Following the Pandemic. Published: May 2020.

The Strategy Unit: Rapid scan 2: Rehabilitation needs and post-ICU recovery for severe Covid19 patients. Published 13 May 2020.



Baker et al (Parliamentary research briefing) – Coronavirus: Long Covid. Published 15th January 2021

BMJ - Long Covid: How to define it and how to manage it. (Webinar) Published September 2020 

Contact, Help, Advice and Information Network (CHAIN): Long COVID. Continually updated

Greenhalgh et al. - Long Covid: evidence, recommendations and priority research questions. Published October 2020 

Independent SAGE – Report on Long COVID. Published 28th January 2021 

Infectious Diseases Society of America: 
Post-Acute COVID-19 Syndrome. Last updated 20th January 2021

Ladds et al – Persistent symptoms after COVID-19: qualitative study of 114 “long COVID” patients and draft quality principles for services. Published 20 December 

Office for National Statistics - The prevalence of long COVID symptoms and COVID-19 complications Last updated 16th December 2020

PHE – COVID-19: The Long-Term Health Effects. Published September 2020 

National Institute for Health Research – Living with COVID19Published 15th October 2020

National Institute for Health Research - Living with COVID19 – Second review. Published 16th March 2021 Recently added

Tony Blair Insitute for Global Change - Long Covid: Reviewing the Science and Assessing the Risk. Published October 5th 

WHO - What we know about Long-term effects of COVID-19. Published September 2020


Rapid Reviews

An Italian consensus on pulmonary rehabilitation in COVID-19 patients recovering from acute respiratory failure: results of a Delphi process. Vitacca et al., 2020. Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease, 90(1444): 385-393. 

Pulmonary rehabilitation for patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Lulu Yang, 2020. Chronic Diseases and Translational Medicine; 6(2): 79-86.

Systematic Rapid "Living" Review on Rehabilitation Needs Due to covid-19. Ceravolo et al., 2020. Eur J Phys Rehabil Med.

Rehabilitation Management of Patients With COVID-19. Lessons Learned From the First Experiences in China. Li 2020. Eur J Phys Rehabil Med.

Rehabilitation After Critical Illness in People With COVID-19 Infection. Simpson et al., 2020. Am J Phys Med Rehabil; 99(6): 470-474

Respiratory physiotherapy in patients with COVID-19 infection in acute setting: a Position Paper of the Italian Association of Respiratory Physiotherapists (ARIR). Lazzeri et al., 2020. Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease, 90(1295): 163-168. 

COVID-19 Guide for the Rehabilitation Clinician: A Review of Nonpulmonary Manifestations and Complications. Lopez et al, 2020.   Am J Phys Med Rehabil; 99 (8): 669-673